Behaviour therapy is an approach to psychotherapy based on learning theory, which aims to eliminate or correct abnormal or undesired behaviours through certain methods.
By nature, behavioural therapies are empirical (data-driven), contextual (focused on the environment and context), functional (interested in the effect or consequence a behaviour ultimately has), probabilistic (viewing behaviour as statistically predictable), monistic (rejecting mind-body dualism and treating the person as a unit), and relational (analysing bidirectional interactions).
Methods may include:systematic desensitization; aversion therapy; behavior modification; exposure therapy; flooding therapy; operant conditioning; observational learning; contingency management.
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