Cognitive therapy is a type of psychotherapy which based on cognitive theory, through identify the dysfunctional and irrational cognizance, modify the irrational cognizance by training and guidance, and develop new more rational cognitive style to eliminate the symptoms and promote individual's ability of adapting.
1. REBT: based on the belief that most problems originate in irrational thought. For example, perfectionists and pessimists usually suffer from issues related to irrational thinking; for example, if a perfectionist encounters a small failure, she might perceive a much bigger failure. It is better to establish a reasonable standard emotionally, so the individual can live a balanced life. This form of cognitive therapy is an opportunity for the patient to learn of his current distortions and successfully eliminate them.
2. CT: based on the theory that depression is due to distortions in the patient's perspectives, such as all-or-none thinking, over-generalization, and selective perception. The therapist initially tries to highlight these distortions, then encourages the patient to change his or her attitudes.
3. CBT: the most commonly practiced type of cognitive therapy. It is based on the belief that using both cognitive therapy and behavioral therapy is more effective than just one of these types. Very few therapists believe in using just one style of therapy for success any more.
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